Vedic period in Indian history
Rig Vedic period (1500-1000 BC) The Aryans were sami-nomadic pastoral people and originally believed to live somewhere in the stepps stretching from southern Russia to Central Asia
The hole region in which the Aryans were first settled in India, called the land of 7 rivers of Sapta Sindhawa
The Dasrajan War – Battle of 10 kings against Sudas (Bharata king of Tritsus ) on the bank of river Parushni. Sudas emerged victorious. It was mainly tribal system of government in which the military element was strong.
Tribe was known as Jan and its king as Rajan.
Traces of election of the king by the assembly, called Samiti.
Villages’ were headed by the Gramini.
In day-to-day administration, King was assisted by Purohita (most important), a senani and vrata, gana, grama and sardha (trible groups performing various military functions).
Society :People were loyal to tribal called Jana (mentioned 275 times in Rig Veda) as Kingdom/Territory was not established women enjoyed freedom and respect .
Religion: worshiped nature, Indra also called Purandara – breaker of forts was the most important dignity
Soma: was considered to be the god of plats. People worshiped mainly for Praja (Children), Pashu (Cattle), Food, Health and wealth. No temple or idol worship.
Economy– No regular revenue system, Kingdome maintained by voluntary tribute called Bali and Booty won in battle. Aryans, main occupation – mainly pastural, people agriculture being secondary.
Cow was slandered unit of exchange. Bold coins – Nishka, Krishna and Satmana.
The staple crop was Yava.